Rule Category

SERVER-APACHE -- Snort has detected traffic exploiting vulnerabilities in Apache servers.

Alert Message

SERVER-APACHE Apache Struts remote code execution attempt - POST parameter

Rule Explanation

The ExceptionDelegator component in Apache Struts before 2.2.3.1 interprets parameter values as OGNL expressions during certain exception handling for mismatched data types of properties, which allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary Java code via a crafted parameter.

What To Look For

This rule alerts when an HTTP request designed to exploit an Apache Struts vulnerability is detected.

Known Usage

No public information

False Positives

No known false positives

Contributors

Cisco Talos Intelligence Group

MITRE ATT&CK Framework

Tactic: Initial Access

Technique: Exploit Public-Facing Application

For reference, see the MITRE ATT&CK vulnerability types here: https://attack.mitre.org

CVE

Additional Links

Rule Vulnerability

Memory Corruption

Memory Corruption is any vulnerability that allows the modification of the content of memory locations in a way not intended by the developer. Memory corruption results are inconsistent; they could lead to fatal errors and system crashes or data leakage; some have no effect at all.

CVE Additional Information

CVE-2012-0391
The ExceptionDelegator component in Apache Struts before 2.2.3.1 interprets parameter values as OGNL expressions during certain exception handling for mismatched data types of properties, which allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary Java code via a crafted parameter.
Details
SeverityHIGH Base Score9.3
Impact Score10.0 Exploit Score8.6
Confidentiality ImpactCOMPLETE Integrity ImpactCOMPLETE
Availability ImpactCOMPLETE Access Vector
AuthenticationNONE Ease of Access
CVE-2016-3081
Apache Struts 2.x before 2.3.20.2, 2.3.24.x before 2.3.24.2, and 2.3.28.x before 2.3.28.1, when Dynamic Method Invocation is enabled, allow remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via method: prefix, related to chained expressions.
Details
Severity Base Score8.1
Impact Score5.9 Exploit Score2.2
Confidentiality ImpactHIGH Integrity ImpactHIGH
Availability ImpactHIGH Access Vector
Authentication Ease of Access
CVE-2017-9791
The Struts 1 plugin in Apache Struts 2.3.x might allow remote code execution via a malicious field value passed in a raw message to the ActionMessage.
Details
Severity Base Score9.8
Impact Score5.9 Exploit Score3.9
Confidentiality ImpactHIGH Integrity ImpactHIGH
Availability ImpactHIGH Access Vector
Authentication Ease of Access