Rule Category

PROTOCOL-DNS -- Snort alerted on a Domain Name Server (DNS) protocol issue. These packets travel over UDP on port 53 to serve DNS queries--user website requests through a browser. Several vulnerability use-cases exist (ie, additional data could be sent with a request, which would contact a DNS server pre-prepared to send information back and forth).

Alert Message

PROTOCOL-DNS Microsoft Windows DNS Server ANY query cache weakness

Rule Explanation

The DNS Resolver Cache Service (aka DNSCache) in Windows DNS Server in Microsoft Windows 2000 SP4, Server 2003 SP1 and SP2, and Server 2008 does not properly cache crafted DNS responses, which makes it easier for remote attackers to predict transaction IDs and poison caches by sending many crafted DNS queries that trigger "unnecessary lookups," aka "DNS Server Response Validation Vulnerability." Impact: CVSS base score 6.4 CVSS impact score 4.9 CVSS exploitability score 10.0 confidentialityImpact NONE integrityImpact PARTIAL availabilityImpact PARTIAL Details: Ease of Attack:

What To Look For

Known Usage

No public information

False Positives

No known false positives

Contributors

Talos research team. This document was generated from data supplied by the national vulnerability database, a product of the national institute of standards and technology. For more information see [nvd].

MITRE ATT&CK Framework

Tactic:

Technique:

For reference, see the MITRE ATT&CK vulnerability types here: https://attack.mitre.org

CVE

Additional Links

Rule Vulnerability

CVE Additional Information

CVE-2009-0234
The DNS Resolver Cache Service (aka DNSCache) in Windows DNS Server in Microsoft Windows 2000 SP4, Server 2003 SP1 and SP2, and Server 2008 does not properly cache crafted DNS responses, which makes it easier for remote attackers to predict transaction IDs and poison caches by sending many crafted DNS queries that trigger "unnecessary lookups," aka "DNS Server Response Validation Vulnerability."
Details
SeverityMEDIUM Base Score6.4
Impact Score4.9 Exploit Score10.0
Confidentiality ImpactNONE Integrity ImpactPARTIAL
Availability ImpactPARTIAL Access Vector
AuthenticationNONE Ease of Access