Rule Category

OS-WINDOWS -- Snort has detected traffic targeting vulnerabilities in a Windows-based operating system. This does not include browser traffic or other software on the OS, but attacks against the OS itself. (such as?)

Alert Message

OS-WINDOWS Microsoft Windows DNS server spoofing attempt

Rule Explanation

The DNS server in Microsoft Windows 2000 Server SP4, and Server 2003 SP1 and SP2, uses predictable transaction IDs when querying other DNS servers, which allows remote attackers to spoof DNS replies, poison the DNS cache, and facilitate further attack vectors. Impact: CVSS base score 6.4 CVSS impact score 4.9 CVSS exploitability score 10.0 confidentialityImpact NONE integrityImpact PARTIAL availabilityImpact PARTIAL Details: Ease of Attack:

What To Look For

Known Usage

No public information

False Positives

No known false positives

Contributors

Talos research team. This document was generated from data supplied by the national vulnerability database, a product of the national institute of standards and technology. For more information see [nvd].

MITRE ATT&CK Framework

Tactic:

Technique:

For reference, see the MITRE ATT&CK vulnerability types here: https://attack.mitre.org

CVE

Additional Links

Rule Vulnerability

CVE Additional Information

CVE-2007-3898
The DNS server in Microsoft Windows 2000 Server SP4, and Server 2003 SP1 and SP2, uses predictable transaction IDs when querying other DNS servers, which allows remote attackers to spoof DNS replies, poison the DNS cache, and facilitate further attack vectors.
Details
SeverityMEDIUM Base Score6.4
Impact Score4.9 Exploit Score10.0
Confidentiality ImpactNONE Integrity ImpactPARTIAL
Availability ImpactPARTIAL Access Vector
AuthenticationNONE Ease of Access
CVE-2008-1447
The DNS protocol, as implemented in (1) BIND 8 and 9 before 9.5.0-P1, 9.4.2-P1, and 9.3.5-P1; (2) Microsoft DNS in Windows 2000 SP4, XP SP2 and SP3, and Server 2003 SP1 and SP2; and other implementations allow remote attackers to spoof DNS traffic via a birthday attack that uses in-bailiwick referrals to conduct cache poisoning against recursive resolvers, related to insufficient randomness of DNS transaction IDs and source ports, aka "DNS Insufficient Socket Entropy Vulnerability" or "the Kaminsky bug."
Details
SeverityMEDIUM Base Score5.0
Impact Score2.9 Exploit Score10.0
Confidentiality ImpactNONE Integrity ImpactPARTIAL
Availability ImpactNONE Access Vector
AuthenticationNONE Ease of Access