Rule Category

SERVER-WEBAPP -- Snort has detected traffic exploiting vulnerabilities in web based applications on servers.

Alert Message

SERVER-WEBAPP Horde Groupware Webmail Contact Management add.php arbitrary PHP file upload attempt

Rule Explanation

This event is generated when an attacker attempts to exploit an arbitrary PHP file upload vulnerability in Horde Groupware Webmail. Impact: Attempted Administrator Privilege Gain Details: Ease of Attack:

What To Look For

Known Usage

No public information

False Positives

No known false positives

Contributors

Cisco Talos Intelligence Group

MITRE ATT&CK Framework

Tactic:

Technique:

For reference, see the MITRE ATT&CK vulnerability types here: https://attack.mitre.org

CVE

Additional Links

Rule Vulnerability

CVE Additional Information

CVE-2019-9858
Remote code execution was discovered in Horde Groupware Webmail 5.2.22 and 5.2.17. Horde/Form/Type.php contains a vulnerable class that handles image upload in forms. When the Horde_Form_Type_image method onSubmit() is called on uploads, it invokes the functions getImage() and _getUpload(), which uses unsanitized user input as a path to save the image. The unsanitized POST parameter object[photo][img][file] is saved in the $upload[img][file] PHP variable, allowing an attacker to manipulate the $tmp_file passed to move_uploaded_file() to save the uploaded file. By setting the parameter to (for example) ../usr/share/horde/static/bd.php, one can write a PHP backdoor inside the web root. The static/ destination folder is a good candidate to drop the backdoor because it is always writable in Horde installations. (The unsanitized POST parameter went probably unnoticed because it's never submitted by the forms, which default to securely using a random path.)
Details
Severity Base Score8.8
Impact Score5.9 Exploit Score2.8
Confidentiality ImpactHIGH Integrity ImpactHIGH
Availability ImpactHIGH Attack VectorNETWORK
ScopeUNCHANGED User InteractionNONE
Authentication Ease of AccessLOW
Privileges RequiredLOW