Rule Category

EXPLOIT-KIT -- Snort has alerted on traffic that is typical of known exploit kits. Exploit kits are pre-packaged sets of code and malware geared toward finding and taking advantage of common browser vulnerabilities. They are Javascript code that provides an entry point to a system to initiate the next state. Snort's rules look for known exploit kit nomenclature, information sent back exposing sensitive infrastructure, attempts to reach a certain file, etc. Rules try to identify the exact kit being used based on actor-group patterns, such as favored target website, malware types, and code similarities.

Alert Message

EXPLOIT-KIT Whitehole exploit kit Java exploit retrieval

Rule Explanation

Unspecified vulnerability in the Java Runtime Environment component in Oracle Java SE JDK and JRE 7 and 6 Update 27 and earlier allows remote untrusted Java Web Start applications and untrusted Java applets to affect confidentiality, integrity, and availability via unknown vectors related to Scripting. Impact: CVSS base score 10.0 CVSS impact score 10.0 CVSS exploitability score 10.0 confidentialityImpact COMPLETE integrityImpact COMPLETE availabilityImpact COMPLETE Details: Ease of Attack:

What To Look For

Known Usage

No public information

False Positives

No known false positives

Contributors

Talos research team. This document was generated from data supplied by the national vulnerability database, a product of the national institute of standards and technology. For more information see [nvd].

MITRE ATT&CK Framework

Tactic:

Technique:

For reference, see the MITRE ATT&CK vulnerability types here: https://attack.mitre.org

CVE

Additional Links

Rule Vulnerability

CVE Additional Information

CVE-2011-3544
Unspecified vulnerability in the Java Runtime Environment component in Oracle Java SE JDK and JRE 7 and 6 Update 27 and earlier allows remote untrusted Java Web Start applications and untrusted Java applets to affect confidentiality, integrity, and availability via unknown vectors related to Scripting.
Details
SeverityHIGH Base Score10.0
Impact Score10.0 Exploit Score10.0
Confidentiality ImpactCOMPLETE Integrity ImpactCOMPLETE
Availability ImpactCOMPLETE Access Vector
AuthenticationNONE Ease of Access
CVE-2012-1723
Unspecified vulnerability in the Java Runtime Environment (JRE) component in Oracle Java SE 7 update 4 and earlier, 6 update 32 and earlier, 5 update 35 and earlier, and 1.4.2_37 and earlier allows remote attackers to affect confidentiality, integrity, and availability via unknown vectors related to Hotspot.
Details
SeverityHIGH Base Score10.0
Impact Score10.0 Exploit Score10.0
Confidentiality ImpactCOMPLETE Integrity ImpactCOMPLETE
Availability ImpactCOMPLETE Access Vector
AuthenticationNONE Ease of Access
CVE-2012-4681
Multiple vulnerabilities in the Java Runtime Environment (JRE) component in Oracle Java SE 7 Update 6 and earlier allow remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted applet that bypasses SecurityManager restrictions by (1) using com.sun.beans.finder.ClassFinder.findClass and leveraging an exception with the forName method to access restricted classes from arbitrary packages such as sun.awt.SunToolkit, then (2) using "reflection with a trusted immediate caller" to leverage the getField method to access and modify private fields, as exploited in the wild in August 2012 using Gondzz.class and Gondvv.class.
Details
SeverityHIGH Base Score10.0
Impact Score10.0 Exploit Score10.0
Confidentiality ImpactCOMPLETE Integrity ImpactCOMPLETE
Availability ImpactCOMPLETE Access Vector
AuthenticationNONE Ease of Access
CVE-2012-5076
Unspecified vulnerability in the Java Runtime Environment (JRE) component in Oracle Java SE 7 Update 7 and earlier allows remote attackers to affect confidentiality, integrity, and availability, related to JAX-WS.
Details
SeverityHIGH Base Score10.0
Impact Score10.0 Exploit Score10.0
Confidentiality ImpactCOMPLETE Integrity ImpactCOMPLETE
Availability ImpactCOMPLETE Access Vector
AuthenticationNONE Ease of Access
CVE-2013-0422
Multiple vulnerabilities in Oracle Java 7 before Update 11 allow remote attackers to execute arbitrary code by (1) using the public getMBeanInstantiator method in the JmxMBeanServer class to obtain a reference to a private MBeanInstantiator object, then retrieving arbitrary Class references using the findClass method, and (2) using the Reflection API with recursion in a way that bypasses a security check by the java.lang.invoke.MethodHandles.Lookup.checkSecurityManager method due to the inability of the sun.reflect.Reflection.getCallerClass method to skip frames related to the new reflection API, as exploited in the wild in January 2013, as demonstrated by Blackhole and Nuclear Pack, and a different vulnerability than CVE-2012-4681 and CVE-2012-3174. NOTE: some parties have mapped the recursive Reflection API issue to CVE-2012-3174, but CVE-2012-3174 is for a different vulnerability whose details are not public as of 20130114. CVE-2013-0422 covers both the JMX/MBean and Reflection API issues. NOTE: it was originally reported that Java 6 was also vulnerable, but the reporter has retracted this claim, stating that Java 6 is not exploitable because the relevant code is called in a way that does not bypass security checks. NOTE: as of 20130114, a reliable third party has claimed that the findClass/MBeanInstantiator vector was not fixed in Oracle Java 7 Update 11. If there is still a vulnerable condition, then a separate CVE identifier might be created for the unfixed issue.
Details
SeverityHIGH Base Score10.0
Impact Score10.0 Exploit Score10.0
Confidentiality ImpactCOMPLETE Integrity ImpactCOMPLETE
Availability ImpactCOMPLETE Access Vector
AuthenticationNONE Ease of Access
CVE-2013-1493
The color management (CMM) functionality in the 2D component in Oracle Java SE 7 Update 15 and earlier, 6 Update 41 and earlier, and 5.0 Update 40 and earlier allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service (crash) via an image with crafted raster parameters, which triggers (1) an out-of-bounds read or (2) memory corruption in the JVM, as exploited in the wild in February 2013.
Details
SeverityHIGH Base Score10.0
Impact Score10.0 Exploit Score10.0
Confidentiality ImpactCOMPLETE Integrity ImpactCOMPLETE
Availability ImpactCOMPLETE Access Vector
AuthenticationNONE Ease of Access
CVE-2013-2423
Unspecified vulnerability in the Java Runtime Environment (JRE) component in Oracle Java SE 7 Update 17 and earlier, and OpenJDK 7, allows remote attackers to affect integrity via unknown vectors related to HotSpot. NOTE: the previous information is from the April 2013 CPU. Oracle has not commented on claims from the original researcher that this vulnerability allows remote attackers to bypass permission checks by the MethodHandles method and modify arbitrary public final fields using reflection and type confusion, as demonstrated using integer and double fields to disable the security manager.
Details
SeverityMEDIUM Base Score4.3
Impact Score2.9 Exploit Score8.6
Confidentiality ImpactNONE Integrity ImpactPARTIAL
Availability ImpactNONE Access Vector
AuthenticationNONE Ease of Access