Rule Category

OS-WINDOWS -- Snort has detected traffic targeting vulnerabilities in a Windows-based operating system. This does not include browser traffic or other software on the OS, but attacks against the OS itself. (such as?)

Alert Message

OS-WINDOWS possible SMB replay attempt - overlapping encryption keys detected

Rule Explanation

Microsoft Windows Media Player 6.4, Windows Media Format Runtime 7.1 through 11, and Windows Media Services 4.1, 9, and 2008 do not properly use the Service Principal Name (SPN) identifier when validating replies to authentication requests, which allows remote servers to execute arbitrary code via vectors that employ NTLM credential reflection, aka "SPN Vulnerability." Impact: CVSS base score 10.0 CVSS impact score 10.0 CVSS exploitability score 10.0 confidentialityImpact COMPLETE integrityImpact COMPLETE availabilityImpact COMPLETE Details: Ease of Attack:

What To Look For

Known Usage

No public information

False Positives

No known false positives

Contributors

Talos research team. This document was generated from data supplied by the national vulnerability database, a product of the national institute of standards and technology. For more information see [nvd].

MITRE ATT&CK Framework

Tactic:

Technique:

For reference, see the MITRE ATT&CK vulnerability types here: https://attack.mitre.org

CVE

Additional Links

Rule Vulnerability

CVE Additional Information

CVE-2008-3009
Microsoft Windows Media Player 6.4, Windows Media Format Runtime 7.1 through 11, and Windows Media Services 4.1, 9, and 2008 do not properly use the Service Principal Name (SPN) identifier when validating replies to authentication requests, which allows remote servers to execute arbitrary code via vectors that employ NTLM credential reflection, aka "SPN Vulnerability."
Details
SeverityHIGH Base Score10.0
Impact Score10.0 Exploit Score10.0
Confidentiality ImpactCOMPLETE Integrity ImpactCOMPLETE
Availability ImpactCOMPLETE Access Vector
AuthenticationNONE Ease of Access
CVE-2008-4037
Microsoft Windows 2000 Gold through SP4, XP Gold through SP3, Server 2003 SP1 and SP2, Vista Gold and SP1, and Server 2008 allows remote SMB servers to execute arbitrary code on a client machine by replaying the NTLM credentials of a client user, as demonstrated by backrush, aka "SMB Credential Reflection Vulnerability." NOTE: some reliable sources report that this vulnerability exists because of an insufficient fix for CVE-2000-0834.
Details
SeverityHIGH Base Score9.3
Impact Score10.0 Exploit Score8.6
Confidentiality ImpactCOMPLETE Integrity ImpactCOMPLETE
Availability ImpactCOMPLETE Access Vector
AuthenticationNONE Ease of Access
CVE-2009-0550
Windows HTTP Services (aka WinHTTP) in Microsoft Windows 2000 SP4, XP SP2 and SP3, Server 2003 SP1 and SP2, Vista Gold and SP1, and Server 2008; and WinINet in Microsoft Internet Explorer 5.01 SP4, 6 SP1, 6 and 7 on Windows XP SP2 and SP3, 6 and 7 on Windows Server 2003 SP1 and SP2, 7 on Windows Vista Gold and SP1, and 7 on Windows Server 2008; allows remote web servers to capture and replay NTLM credentials, and execute arbitrary code, via vectors related to absence of a "credential-reflection protections" opt-in step, aka "Windows HTTP Services Credential Reflection Vulnerability" and "WinINet Credential Reflection Vulnerability."
Details
SeverityHIGH Base Score9.3
Impact Score10.0 Exploit Score8.6
Confidentiality ImpactCOMPLETE Integrity ImpactCOMPLETE
Availability ImpactCOMPLETE Access Vector
AuthenticationNONE Ease of Access
CVE-2009-1930
The Telnet service in Microsoft Windows 2000 SP4, XP SP2 and SP3, Server 2003 SP2, Vista Gold, SP1, and SP2, and Server 2008 Gold and SP2 allows remote Telnet servers to execute arbitrary code on a client machine by replaying the NTLM credentials of a client user, aka "Telnet Credential Reflection Vulnerability," a related issue to CVE-2000-0834.
Details
SeverityHIGH Base Score10.0
Impact Score10.0 Exploit Score10.0
Confidentiality ImpactCOMPLETE Integrity ImpactCOMPLETE
Availability ImpactCOMPLETE Access Vector
AuthenticationNONE Ease of Access
CVE-2010-0231
The SMB implementation in the Server service in Microsoft Windows 2000 SP4, Windows XP SP2 and SP3, Windows Server 2003 SP2, Windows Vista Gold, SP1, and SP2, Windows Server 2008 Gold, SP2, and R2, and Windows 7 does not use a sufficient source of entropy, which allows remote attackers to obtain access to files and other SMB resources via a large number of authentication requests, related to server-generated challenges, certain "duplicate values," and spoofing of an authentication token, aka "SMB NTLM Authentication Lack of Entropy Vulnerability."
Details
SeverityHIGH Base Score10.0
Impact Score10.0 Exploit Score10.0
Confidentiality ImpactCOMPLETE Integrity ImpactCOMPLETE
Availability ImpactCOMPLETE Access Vector
AuthenticationNONE Ease of Access